Impact of Gratitude and Mindfulness Training on the Perceived Stress Levels and Self-Esteem among Secondary School Students: An Experimental Study
Keywords:Mindfulness, Gratitude , Self-Esteem, Stress, Experimental
Among secondary school students, examinations are one of the major stress-inducing factors as academic achievement has become a parameter for evaluating oneself as either successful or unsuccessful which further plays a crucial role in the development of one’s self-esteem. Gratitude and mindfulness activities greatly benefit the person as they make a conscious choice to be aware of their present surroundings and thankful for all that they have. This automatically reduces stress and boosts one’s self-esteem. Hence, the present study aims to investigate the effects of mindfulness and gratitude training by hypothesizing a reduction in stress and an increase in the self-esteem of the students. 20 participants aged 14 to 18, volunteered to participate in the study through convenience sampling. The students consented to willingly participate in the training which was 3 weeks and 6 sessions long. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS 10) were administered twice, once prior to the intervention to attain a baseline score and then after the training to study the impact of the gratitude and mindfulness training. Statistical regression analysis was performed upon which it was found that practicing mindfulness and gratitude reduces stress and enhances self-esteem significantly. The small sample size restricts generalizing the results. Thus, future researchers should consider replicating the study with a larger sample.
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